Before and after birth, your skin will change. Your hormones may become imbalanced, your skin may become dry and lose its ability to protect and rejuvenate itself. You should use a moisturizing skin care regimen that counters these changes.
Pigeon recommends you to use a skin lotion or moisturizer containing ingredients such as hyaluronic acid, to keep in moisture; ceramide, to keep your skin hydrated; and inositol, to promote your skin's ability to rejuvenate.
For the expectant mother, morning sickness is a difficult time, when you can experience loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting.
Morning sickness is said to be the result of hormonal imbalances due to being pregnant. However, if you have a difficult time getting through it, be sure to consult a doctor.
◎Your baby will be fine even if you can't eat properly. The baby inside of you does not need that much nutrition at this point, so eat what you can and rest.
◎If you vomit a lot, you could become dehydrated, so make sure to drink plenty of water-even if it's only a little bit at a time.
Those lines on your abdomen are called stretch marks. When you become pregnant and your abdomen gets bigger, your skin also begins to stretch rapidly. The tissue around your belly can't keep up with the amount of stretching, resulting in these marks. The fine veins under these marks become transparent. The purplish-red lines that appear are known as stretch marks. They tell you that your baby is thriving-so maybe they're not such a bad thing after all!
When you become pregnant, your breasts change shape and grow larger so they can produce breast milk. At first, your areolas will become darker and a little bit sensitive and your nipples will grow bit-by-bit larger. Some women grow two full cup sizes after the 8th month. But there is no relationship between breast size and milk production, so even small breasts can provide your baby with what he needs. From about the second trimester, your breasts will begin to fill with a little bit of milk. Some women even experience a bit of leakage at full term.
Reasons expectant mothers get a touch of constipation:
1. The progestational hormones and other hormones that are released when you become pregnant prevent your intestines from working normally.
2. As your womb applies pressure on your intestines, they become narrower and make bowel movements more difficult.
To relieve yourself,
●Get into the habit of going to the toilet at the same time every day.
●Make an effort to get a moderate amount of exercise, such as walking.
●Consume a lot of water and dietary fiber. Lactic acid is also quite effective.
●Avoid putting any undue stress on your body and spend your days in an easy-going manner.
When the delivery is over, your hormone levels will suddenly drop. Because of this change, you'll find yourself crying for no reason, or suffering wild mood swings and depression. This is called postpartum depression, or "the post natal blues." It usually goes away on its own after about a month, so don't worry. If it takes for more than few months, you should better see the doctor for help. But you will also be physically exhausted after your baby is born since you are not used to taking care of your baby yet. When it gets difficult, don't keep everything bottled up-share your feelings with your partner, family and friends. You may also want to talk with specialists, such as your midwife or health worker. Pigeon also recommends trying some herbal tea, as the aroma may help you feel better, and some such teas are rich in vitamins and minerals.
The baby looks blankly at his mom's face because he cannot see very well. But, he can hear and recognize his parents' voice clearly. Baby will feel safe to hear mom's voice.
Baby move his arms and legs, clenching a finger when you press on his palm, suckling at anything that touches his lips, are actually unconscious movements, known as primitive reflex of a newborn baby. This movement is inborn skill and helps baby to survive in the world.
In day-to-day life, your baby hears a variety of sounds. Sometimes he will suddenly flinch at a relatively small sound, but this is just a primitive reflex, so it is natural.
Babies use a suckling action, called peristaltic motion. Babies use their tongue in a wave-like motion to draw milk out of the breasts, which isn't really sucking. He pulls the nipple against the sucking fossa, which is a round hollow in the baby's upper jaw, and simultaneously perform the complex actions involved in extracting the milk from your breast. Ideally, your baby will drink breast milk for 10-15 minutes at a time. Your breast milk at this time helps your child grow, and furthermore, his actions make you aware of the power of life.
Mouth breathing is unique to the human species. However, the mouth is not designed with mechanisms to filter out dust, dirt and bacteria, as is the nose. Therefore, if mouth breathing continues and becomes chronic, the mouth dries up, and problems such as throat infections can develop.
By contrast, nasal breathing builds strong immunity, reducing the frequency of catching colds. Thus children need to be trained to breathe through the nose with a pacifier.
Sometimes, when your baby is beginning to speak or eat food, he will forget to breathe through his nose. It's important that you help him to get accustomed to the nose breathing.
Babies move their toes to balance and support themselves. But unlike adults, who put their body weight on their heels, and then shift their weight by moving it across the soles of their feet to their toes, babies cannot yet perform this rolling movement.
When your baby begins to walk, he uses his entire foot like a board, walking in a flat-footed pitter-patter manner. His big toe moves up when he lifts his foot and his little toe moves outward and down. These actions help your baby learn a sense of balance and how to adjust his weight.
When choosing baby shoes, try to choose a pair in which there is room in the toes so he may move them freely. Walking is an important part of your baby's development, so don't be too nervous and watch him at ease.
To your baby, the three most important basic functions of his hands are "grasp," "operate," and "recognize." From grasping at your breast and touching your face, to throwing, pulling or turning toys, he is developing the functions of his hands.
Hand and brain development are closely related: developing hands is a prerequisite for developing the brain.
Ideal leaning toys for babies should constantly stimulate their interest and satisfy their desire to play. They should also be clean. Help to develop your baby's intellect by alternating between having him play with toys by himself and playing hand games with him.
A baby's hand movements develop from "palm grip" to "finger grip" to "pen grip." At first, he can only perform a palm grip, so he can scoop things with a spoon, but still has some learning to do to stab food with a fork.
When he becomes more skilled at using both his hands and lips, he will begin eating with his hands. This is how he practices to move his hands and lips in preparation for eating by himself.
When his hands and mouth are working in harmony with each other, he will quickly get better at feeding himself.
At first, your baby won't be able to move his hands or chew his food very well. But he will get better bit-by-bit, so it's important that you let him try to do it before helping him.
Some mothers also take the following action when breastfeeding.
Because the mother's clothes can cover the baby's face and prevent the baby from latching on, the mothers use rubber bands or hair clips to fasten their clothing back.
We hope that both mother and baby will find positions for breastfeeding that are comfortable for them.
A woman's body changes drastically during pregnancy, childbirth, and in the postpartum period. She may be bewildered by all of these changes in her own body and feelings. After giving birth, she has to begin caring for her baby before her own body even has time to recover. Learn what's going on in her body, and as a husband, work to get and stay close to her.
The most important thing is to understand and accept the physical changes that your wife's body undergoes during this period, and enjoy the pregnancy with a light heart.
(Source: World Health Organization (WHO)
The older child sometimes feels jealous when you breastfeed two children at the same time. If the older child can speak, telling him about the baby before it's born and showing him other babies being breastfed can help him accept the younger baby.
From 5 or 6 months (until his baby teeth start coming in)
Care for your baby's teeth using a baby's toothbrush to let him get used to a toothbrush. Massage his gums twice a day-once in the morning and once in the evening-even if he hasn't fed yet. Using a dry baby toothbrush, gently massage the areas on both his upper and lower jaw where his front teeth will be. Brush for about 5 seconds each.
From 6 or 7 months (front teeth have started coming in)
While continuing to brush his teeth twice a day-once in the morning and once in the evening-start using toothpaste, so he becomes accustomed to it. Brush each of his front teeth, one tooth at a time, up and down. When you are finished, wipe his teeth with a cloth or a wet tissue designed for use on a baby's teeth. Also, show your baby that you enjoy brushing your own teeth so that he can learn that brushing teeth is a fun thing.
18 months (molars have started coming in)
Cavities develop quickly in molars, so begin brushing them as soon as they start to come in. Using toothpaste, brush his teeth for at least a minute both morning and night. Don't forget to brush before bedtime. Use the tip of the toothbrush to gently remove food and other build up from in between his molars, where it quickly accumulates. If necessary, try doing it on the weekend with your husband.